Basketball, Football, Rugby & Volleyball
In basketball, tremendous force is put on the ankles and feet. Without proper equipment and preparation, injuries will almost always occur. Two distinct types of injury to the feet and ankles can occur in basketball: acute injury from a sudden and forceful blow, or chronic injury, which slowly develops and becomes worse over time. Most acute foot and ankle injuries occur from landing improperly from a jump or twisting while falling. These are usually accidental and are difficult to prevent. The most common acute injuries are ankle sprains, but also include ligament tears, pulled muscles and broken bones. Chronic, or overuse, injuries can be caused by not warming up adequately, poor conditioning, shoe fit issues, worn out shoes, or a biomechanical problem that causes excessive stress on the foot and ankle. Common chronic injuries seen in basketball include stress fractures of the shins and metatarsals, plantar fasciitis, sesamoiditis, shin splints, Achilles tendonitis, and blisters.
Soccer, Lacrosse & Ultimate Frisbee
Many soccer players benefit from the use of custom-molded insoles to relieve foot, ankle, knee, and hip pain caused by poor foot control or alignment. Soccer cleats, for the most part, do not have any arch support or built-in controls for foot motion like most running shoes do. In soccer shoes, custom-fit insoles act to provide much improved support and control for the foot and ankle in order to prevent injury. Soccer shoes also tend to be smaller than most athletic shoes. They have less volume and many players like to wear the shoe relatively tight in order to enhance feel of the ball. This makes it more challenging to fit inserts into soccer shoes. The insoles we design for soccer players tend to be low profile and are designed specifically for soccer cleats. This soccer insole sits very low in the shoe so the player’s foot is not jammed in the shoe or pushed out of the top of the shoe. Also, there is a specific modification on the insole to allow the big toe to be in contact with the shoe to allow better push-off for sprinting and cutting.
Several studies have demonstrated the benefits of insoles for golfers. A 2001 study stated that “use of these custom inserts reduced the effects of fatigue associated with playing 9 holes of golf; they could thus improve the likelihood of more consistent performance.” A 2000 study found that “the use of the custom-fit, flexible inserts in this study had a positive influence on CHV in experienced golfers.” Other studies have demonstrated that insoles can have positive impact on shot accuracy, golf swing and balance.
Running places severe force on the feet and legs. If you have abnormal biomechanics, then injury can easily occur. Many runners can prevent injury by the use of insoles that are designed especially for running. A 2008 study looked at both short-term and long-term effects of insoles on runners and found that after 6 weeks of using custom-molded inserts subjects reported:
- An improvement in symptoms (73.1% decrease)
- A significant decrease in pain
In a 2000 study, it was found that those with a history of running related injury had a significantly greater impact force when the foot hit the ground. Other studies have shown that custom insoles can be used to decrease these forces that lead to injury in runners.